What is allergic rhinitis? What can be done to treat these allergies?

Allergies are very common. 

35-40% of the people in the U.S. complain of moderate to severe symptoms from Allergic Rhinitis.  

These can include nasal congestion, runny nose, post-nasal drip, watery itchy eyes, sinus pressure, itchy skin, and wheezing.  

There are many interventions which can significantly alleviate these symptoms, many of which do not involve medication.  

To start, optimizing the home and work environments can significantly make a difference.  If the air you breathe is as clean as possible, there will be less inflammation in the nose.  

Good prevention methods include dust mite covers on the mattress and pillows, a HEPA-grade air filter and keeping bedroom windows closed.  Daily nasal irrigation can also help.   

Nasal irrigation can be administered by a kit and distilled water.  In terms of medication for allergies, generally antihistamines are effective.  These can come in pills and nasal sprays.  

Nasal steroid sprays are also effective.  Recent research has shown that a combination spray with both an antihistamine and a steroid component is the most effective.  

Basically, one should start with optimizing their environment, and performing daily nasal irrigation.  By coming in to see an ENT specialist it can be determined if allergy testing is needed.  

 

Symptoms of allergic rhinitis:

 

Causes for allergic rhinistis:

 

Methods for treatment and management:

 

When to see a physician:

 

The content used on this post and site are for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

 

 

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