Hoarseness Most minor processes, including reflux laryngitis or benign vocal cord nodules or polyps, can cause hoarseness and voice alterations. Rarely, however, can cancer affect the larynx and voice cords and result in these signs and symptoms. A thorough medical history and examination by an otolaryngologist are the first crucial steps in evaluating hoarseness.

The endoscopic examination, which allows for direct visualization of the larynx and vocal cords, will most likely also be a part of this workup. If a worrisome mass is found, a biopsy may be done if necessary. Larynx cancer may be treated and cured if it is found in its earliest stages. Hoarseness or voice changes that last longer than two weeks should often be checked by an otolaryngologist due to the possibility of cancer.